For insightful discussions and comments, I claim appreciation to Arnaud Ajdler, Ian Ayres, Michael Birnhack, Miriam Bitton, Robert Brauneis, Dan Burk, Kevin Collins, Christopher Cotropia, Kevin Davis, Rochelle Dreyfuss, John Duffy, Brett Frischmann, John Golden, Wendy Gordon, Hugh Hansen, Scott Hemphill, Timothy Holbrook, Bert Huang, Sonia Katyal, Amir Khoury, Roberta Kwall, Jeffrey Lefstin, Mark Lemley, Douglas Lichtman, Clarisa Long, Michael Madison, Peter Menell, Joseph Scott Miller, Mark Patterson, Anthony Reese, Pamela Samuelson, Susan Scafidi, Katherine Strandburg, Polk Wagner, Tim Wu, Shlomit Yaniski-Ravid, Benjamin Zipursky, and participants at the Seventh Annual Intellectual Property Scholars Conference, 2009 Stanford/Yale Junior Faculty Forum, and in workshops at Bar-Ilan, Brooklyn, Columbia, Fordham, and George Washington law schools.
Assistant Professor, The University of Chicago Law School
I thank Richard Epstein, Mark Lemley, Saul Levmore, Doug Lichtman, and participants at the Licensing of Intellectual Property Symposium at The University of Chicago Law School for helpful comments. I also thank Joe Bingham for excellent research assistance.
Laurence A. Tisch Professor of Law, New York University Law School; Peter and Kirstin Bedford Senior Fellow, The Hoover Institution; James Parker Hall Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Law and Senior Lecturer, The University of Chicago Law School
F. Scott Kieff
Professor of Law, The George Washington University Law School; Ray & Louise Knowles Senior Fellow, The Hoover Institution
A draft version of this paper was presented at the Licensing of Intellectual Property Symposium held at The University of Chicago Law School on June 18 and 19, 2010. This work is part of the ongoing Hoover Institution Project on Commercializing Innovation, which studies the law, economics, and politics of innovation and which is available online at http://www.innovation.hoover.org. We thank Kevin Outterson, Associate Professor at Boston University School of Law, for pointing out our errors in reading the emergency conditions in TRIPS Article 31 in an earlier version of this paper and Brett Davenport, New York University Law School, Class of 2012 for his prompt and expert research assistance.
Hieken Assistant Professor of Patent Law, Harvard Law School
Thanks to Lucian Bebchuk, Glenn Cohen, Einer Elhauge, Terry Fisher, John Goldberg, Allison Hoffman, Louis Kaplow, Scott Kieff, Martha Minow, Kevin Outterson, Steven Shavell, and the attendees at the Harvard Law and Economics Workshop, Harvard Health Policy Workshop, Harvard Faculty Workshop, University of Toronto Health Law, Ethics and Policy Seminar, George Washington Law School Conference on Government Innovation, and Michigan Law School Conference on FDA Law & Pharmaceutical Innovation. All errors are my own.
Professor of Law, Washington University School of Law.
I thank Scott Baker, Chris Buccafusco, T.J. Chiang, Mark Lemley, Mark McKenna, Sean Pager, Pam Samuelson, Chris Sprigman, Felix Wu, and attendees of the 2017 WIPIP Conference at Boston University for their helpful comments.
Intellectual property is not a homogeneous body of law.
For very helpful comments on prior drafts, I thank Michael Abramowicz, Robert Brauneis, Margaret Brinig, Kevin Collins, John Duffy, Jeanne Fromer, Timothy Holbrook, Bruce Huber, Dmitry Karshtedt, Daniel Kelly, Bruce Kobayashi, Mark Lemley, Alexandra Levy, Jonathan Masur, Mark McKenna, Robert Merges, Lisa Ouellette, Jason Rantanen, Michael Risch, and Neel Sukhatme. I also thank Joseph Nugent for his excellent research assistance.
Today, it is an almost universally accepted proposition that the patent system makes too many mistakes.
Associate Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Center for Medicine and Law, University of Baltimore School of Law; Georgetown University Law Center, JD; State University of New York at Stony Brook School of Medicine, MD; The George Washington University, MA; Johns Hopkins University, BA
I would like to thank Dmitry Karshtedt for his helpful comments and Stephen Yelderman for the opportunity to engage with his paper over the last few months.